What Is The Difference Between Diabetes 1 And 2
A very common question asked about diabetes is ‘What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?’ The easiest way to explain the difference is as follows: People who suffer from a complete lack of insulin are classified as type 1 diabetics whereas people who have too little insulin or who can’t utilize insulin correctly are known as type 2 diabetics.
Type 1 diabetes typically accounts for up to 10 out of every 100 diabetes sufferers. If you suffer from type 1 diabetes the immune system in your body attack and destroy the insulin-releasing cells, ultimately completely eliminating the body’s insulin production. When insulin is absent the cells are unable to absorb glucose to use as energy.
Type 2 diabetes can be acquired at any age although it surfaces more frequently during adulthood. This type of diabetes accounts for up to 95 out of every 100 diabetes sufferers. If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body is unable to utilize insulin correctly which is known as insulin resistance. As the illness progresses the pancreas could end up producing less insulin resulting in an insulin deficiency.
Type 1 diabetes is what is known as an autoimmune disease because of the way the immune system demolishes the pancreatic cells that make insulin. Although the precise cause is unknown it is suspected that a combination of genes or an environmental trigger is responsible for the genes to activate.
Type 2 diabetes on the other hand is multifactorial in cause – genetics can make a person predisposed to the illness although certain lifestyle aspects such as indolence and obesity are also known to trigger the disease. During the early stages of type 2 diabetes the pancreas does produce sufficient insulin but the body somehow becomes resistant to it. Due to their genetic makeup, Latin Americans, African-Americans and a number of ethnic Native American groups run a higher risk than Caucasian Americans to contract type 2 diabetes.
What is the difference between diabetes 1 and 2?
Onset of Symptoms
Type 1 Diabetes – The symptoms usually present themselves in childhood or even young adulthood. Most people receive their diagnosis after becoming very ill due to the side-effects of the high blood sugar.
Type 2 Diabetes – There aren’t always symptoms present before a diagnosis is made. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed during adulthood although an increasing number of children are also being diagnosed.
Low Blood Sugar
Type 1 Diabetes – Hypoglycemia episodes (low blood sugar) are customary.
Type 2 Diabetes – No episodes of hypoglycemia occur
Type 1 Diabetes – It can, unfortunately, not be prevented
Type 2 Diabetes – A healthy diet and regular exercise can prevent or delay the onset
What does type 1 and type 2 diabetes have in common?
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have the ability to significantly boost an individual’s risk for suffering from an array of complications. Thorough management and monitoring of the disease can reduce the onset of complications but regardless of this fact diabetes continues to be the leading cause of kidney failure, cardiac disease, hypertension, toe, foot and leg amputations and blindness.
What are the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes – Symptoms first present themselves when blood sugar becomes very high. These symptoms often include lethargy, urinating often, increased hunger, a tingling sensation in the legs and feet and impaired vision. In the case of dangerously high blood pressure fast, irregular breathing, nausea and dry skin can all form part of the symptoms.
Type 2 Diabetes – Unlike with Type 1 diabetes the symptoms of type 2 may not present themselves for many years. Early symptoms, when present, can include blurred vision, regular infections, increased thirst, frequent urination and erectile dysfunction amongst men.
Does treatment differ between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Although a healthy lifestyle can benefit sufferers of both types of diabetes, those individuals with type 1 are always going to have to take insulin. They have to test their blood sugar levels around 4 times a day in order to know how much insulin to take. Treating type 2 diabetes generally starts by making positive lifestyle changes and taking oral medication to increase the insulin production in the pancreas.
Regardless of whether you suffer from type 1 or type 2 diabetes the most important thing is to prevent or minimize any possible complications. Lead a healthy lifestyle and make sure to never skip scheduled medications or you might find yourself facing harrowing complications soon.