What Does Prediabetes Mean

What Does Prediabetes Mean

A diabetes diagnosis in itself can be very traumatizing and even more so if you feel completely overwhelmed by all the medical jargon thrown at you.  What does prediabetes mean? What is basal secretion? It is important to familiarize yourself with these basic terms and conditions in order to tackle your diabetes feeling empowered and educated on the subject.

Prediabetes and other diabetes-related terminology

Autoimmune disease

A syndrome within the body’s immune system, where the immune system basically attacks itself. Type 1 diabetes is a prime example of an autoimmune disease as are Graves’ diseases and Hashimoto’s disease.

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Basal secretion

Everyone should, at all times, have a tiny amount of insulin present in the blood which is referred to as basal secretion. If you suffer from Type 1 diabetes you need to copy this basal secretion by taking insulin, known as basal insulin.

Blood sugar level

This refers to the amount of sugar that you have at your bloody at any stage. /this is crucial for anyone suffering from diabetes and must be checked regularly.

Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE)

A medical professional who is certified by the AADE (American Association of Diabetes Educators) to educate individuals with diabetes on how to best manage their condition.

Dawn phenomenon

The term assigned to the early morning blood sugar level spikes some people get

Diabetes mellitus

This is simply the full name of regular diabetes

Dialysis

Kidney disease and kidney failure are two of the most unfortunate side effects of diabetes. Your kidneys cannot filter your blood properly if they aren’t fully-functional. If you suffer from kidney failure dialysis is an option as the process cleans your blood for you.

Fasting blood glucose

This is one method through which diabetes can be diagnosed. It involves taking a blood glucose reading after an overnight fast.

Gestational diabetes

This diabetes presents itself during pregnancy. Although the symptoms generally disappear after birth these women run a higher risk of contracting tuype 2 diabetes later in life.

Hyperglycemia

Occurs when your blood sugar levels are too high

Hypoglycemia

Occurs when your blood sugar levels are too low

Insulin

Insulin is the hormone responsible for aiding the body in using glucose. The insulin lets the glucose enter the cells that require it, for instance the ones situated in the muscles. If there is no insulin present the glucose can’t get to where is it needed.

Insulin resistance

This occurs when the body does not react to insulin the way it should. This is often one of the first signs of type 2 diabetes.

Insulin pump

This small, digital device can be worn on a belt or kept in a pocket. It has a tiny flexible tube with a small needle on the tip. The needle is inserted just beneath the skin and releases insulin into the body at a steady rate.

Ketones

When the body starts to break down fat in order to get energy, ketones are a derivative when fat is broken down for energy. Too many ketones can cause the blood to become acidic leading to diabetic ketoacidosis.

Lipohyertrophy

This occurs when an injection site is abused, like is often the case with insulin users. The skin becomes swollen and nodes can eventually develop. If the skin becomes hard it could hinder insulin absorption.

Oral glucose tolerance test

This is another method through which to diagnose diabetes. After consuming a glucose-rich drink your blood sugar level will be taken 5 times over a period of 3 hours.

Pancreas

The pancreas forms part of the body’s endocrine system. The Islets of Langerhans, a part of the pancreas, is responsible for insulin production.

Pre-diabetes

Also known as glucose intolerance, the term pre-diabetes is used to describe the condition when someone has high blood sugar levels that aren’t high enough yet to be classified as diabetes.

Retinopathy

This refers to damage to the retina which can be a complication of diabetes.

Target range

In order to stay healthy your blood sugar levels need to be within a specific range – this is known as the target range.

Ulcer

Diabetes patients are prone to developing ulcers from small cuts and abrasions on the legs and feet, from scrapes that take a very long time to heal and even from shoes that fit incorrectly. Ulcers become infected easily and should be treated immediately to prevent the infection from spreading.

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