11 Signs of Borderline Diabetes
Diabetes is a health condition that involves your pancreas (insulin) and liver (glucose). If you have borderline diabetes, you may not experience any symptoms at all or you may have one or more of the following. If you identify this condition early, you may be able to prevent it from becoming full-blown diabetes.
What is Borderline Diabetes?
The truth is, there is no medical diagnosis known as “borderline diabetes”- but this term refers to a condition known as prediabetes. This occurs when your glucose levels are higher than they should be- but not quite high enough to be diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes. Individuals who have prediabetes are much more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and may already have some of the signs/symptoms of diabetes.
Symptoms of Borderline Diabetes
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned below, you need to make an appointment to be examined by your physician. In addition, if you are in a “high-risk” group, you should be screened for prediabetes- even if you are not experiencing active symptoms.
In many cases, individuals with prediabetes don’t have any signs/symptoms. However, the following signs/symptoms indicate that you may need to be checked out by your physician to determine if you have this condition.
- Increased Thirst/Urination
When your blood sugar increases, sugar is passing into your urine which causes your kidneys to become overwhelmed. Your body then pulls fluids from normal tissues to get rid of the sugar. This means that you are urinating more often- which means you start to get dehydrated, and therefore thirsty. As you drink more fluids, you will urinate more. It’s a perpetual cycle.
When you have prediabetes, your body develops a resistance to insulin. You get hungry because sugar cannot enter your cells. This can cause you to be hungry even after you have just finished eating.
- Dry Mouth
Dry mouth is the result of dehydration due to increased urination that is the result of increased glucose levels as mentioned above.
Fatigue in prediabetes can be attributed to a variety of causes. When your glucose levels are elevated, your body is not working like it should. When your body is not using glucose properly and you are constantly in a state of dehydration, you feel fatigued.
- Changes in Vision
Elevated glucose levels cause vision changes that can make it hard for you to be able to see clearly. Basically, the lenses on your eyes become stiff and distorted, which means you have difficulty focusing. Over time, there are a variety of complications that can happen to your eyes if you don’t control your diabetes.
- Itchy/Dry Skin
Individuals who have high glucose levels often experience dry skin. In addition, itching in the genital and lower legs is common. This is typically attributed to the dehydration that results with borderline diabetes.
- Changes in Weight
While it’s true that significant weight changes are much more common in type 1 than type 2 diabetes, it can occur in borderline diabetes. If you are feeling hungry all the time and you have unexplained weight loss, you might need to speak with your physician and be screened for borderline diabetes.
- Numbness in Hands/Feet
When you have high glucose levels over a long period of time, you can do damage to your nervous system. This can be due to a feeling of tingling and numbness in your hands and feet. This is a condition known as neuropathy. When you have a decrease in the sensation in your feet, it can cause you to injure them more often and also lead to diabetic foot ulcers.
- Poor Healing
There are a variety of factors that can contribute to poor healing of wounds in those who have elevated blood sugars. These factors range from a decrease in the function of the cells that heal the body to a decrease in the immune response of the body. If you have wounds on a regular basis that take a long time to heal, consider speaking to your physician about borderline diabetes.
- Sexual Dysfunction
As you get older, sexual dysfunction is fairly common- but is more common when you have elevated blood sugar. Of course, since the cardiovascular and nervous system damage caused by diabetes takes many years to develop, sexual dysfunction is not typically a symptom of borderline diabetes. However, high glucose levels can lead to dryness (due to dehydration) in the genital area, which makes sexual activity uncomfortable.
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms of borderline diabetes, you need to speak with your physician. There are lots of things you can do if you have this condition to avoid having it develop into type 1 or type 2 diabetes. To learn more, check out the Diabetes Escape Plan.